International Mother Language Day is observed every year on February 21. The aim to celebrate this day is to preserve and promote the mother language. But, the first step was from the country Bangladesh. Additionally, Bangladeshi people wanted the inclusion of the Bangla Language along with Urdu. Because Bangladesh was then East Pakistan so the government gave preference to Urdu than Bengali.
In 1952, the Bengali Language Movement started people fought to preserve their mother language. In 1955, it was announced to observe ‘Language Movement Day’. Finally, UNESCO officially declared worldwide in 1999, to observe the day. So, Every year UNESCO decides on a theme to promote the mother language and culture diversity. The theme of the year 2021 is “Fostering multilingualism for inclusion in education and society”.
So, to know the importance of our mother language is very necessary. Whenever we are happy or sad we switch to our mother language. So, we should proudly speak and learn our language.
The mother language of most the Punjabis is Language ‘Punjabi’. Not only of Punjab, but it is also spoken in Punjab province of Pakistan. Additionally, after the migration of Punjabis to foreign countries, it is considered as ‘minority language’ in Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States of America etc.
Furthermore, Punjabi is written is two scripts. In Indian Punjab it is written in ‘Gurmukhi’script and in ‘Pakistani Punjab’ it is written in ‘Shahmukhi’script. Moreover, The dialects of the Punjabi language are Majhi, Malwai, Doabi, Puadhi, Shahpuri, Rachnavi, Jhangvi, Chenavari etc these are some famous dialects of Punjabi.
Punjabi University in Patiala is the second University in the world that is named after a language. Also, ‘Sahitya Akademi’award is the highest award for the contribution in the field of Punjabi Literature. So, Today on the day of International Mother Language Day we will share with you the information about writers and poets who won the Sahitya Akademi Award. Read the full article for more details.
Here are 5 ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ winners of Punjabi Language.
1. Bhai Vir Singh
Bhai Vir Singh received the first ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ for his poetry ‘Mere Sainya Jio’ in the year 1955. He was born December 5, 1872, in Amritsar, Punjab. He wrote poetries, short stories, plays, novels etc. His famous works are Sundari (1898), Bijay Singh (1899), Satwant Kaur, “Rana Surat Singh” (1905), Mere Sayian Jio (1953) etc. He died on June 10, 1957.
2. Amrita Pritam
Amrita Pritam received the ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ for her Poetry ‘Sunehe’ in the year 1956. She was born on August 31, 1919, in Gujranwala, Pakistan. Her main subjects of writing were the position of women in society, freedom and the partition of India. She wrote poems, essays and Novels. Her famous works are Pinjar (1950 – novel), Ajj aakhaan Waris Shah nu (poem), Sunehe (poem) etc. She died on October 31, 2005, in Delhi, India.
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3. Shiv Kumar Batalvi
Shiv Kumar Batalvi received the ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ for his play ‘Loona’ in 1967. He was born on July 23, 1936, in Barapind, Pakistan. He was a romantic poet, playwriter and Author. Also, His famous works are Loona, Gazlan Te Geet, Birha tu Sultan, Chup de Awaaz etc. Further, He died on May 6, 1973.
4. Kulwant Singh Virk
Kulwant Singh Virk received the ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ for his short storyNaven Lok’in the year 1968. He was born on May 20, 1921, in Sheikhpura, Pakistan. He was an author. His stories were famous worldwide which are translated into different languages like Russian and Japanese. His famous stories are Dudh Da Chhappar, Dharti Hethla Bauld, Nave Lok, Sherinian, Puran Da Bhagat etc. He died on December 24, 1987, in Toronto, Canada.
5. Dalip Kaur Tiwana
Dalip Kaur Tiwana received the ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ for her novel ‘Eho Hamara Jiwana’in the year 1971. She was born on May 4, 1935, in Ludhiana, Punjab. She wrote novels and short stories. Her famous works are Lambi Udaari, Doosri Sita, Oh Taan Pari Si, Moh Maaya, Peele Patteyan Di Daasta, Nangey Pairan Da Safar, Duni Suhava Bagh, Katha Kuknus Di and many more. Most of the times she wrote ‘women-centric’ stories. She died on January 31, 2020.
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So, these were some famous personalities appreciated worldwide for contributing to Punjabi literature. Thus that’s it with this information we want to share with you all. See our website for more such content. Also, Don’t forget to connect with us on Social Media to stay updated with the latest trends and infotainments.
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